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Huo Dian-Ge was a renowned master of Bajiquan and the founder of the Huo Family Bajiquan system. He was also well known for being the first student of Li Shu-Wen.

Names

Huo Xiuting

Family

Huo DianGe was born in Xiaoji Village, Cang County (now Nanpi). He had at least one younger brother, Huo Dian Kui.[1]

Martial Arts Career

Training

At a young age, Huo took a keen interest in martial arts, training with local teachers in Piao Sa Boxing.

Over the course of 12 years, he managed to gain the favour of his notoriously harsh teacher, and paved the way for future students, including his brother Huo DianKui, to study under Li.

Teaching

Once Li began his travels, Huo himself began teaching in Zhong Xin Park, TianJin and Tianjin’s Jianguo Road. Soon after, he would travel to Harbin (Working under the same general as his master), ShengYang and ChangChun where he would continue to teach until becoming the Bodyguard for Pu Yi, the last emperor of China. During this time, Huo Huo also taught Bajiquan to the emperor and his bodyguards, helping bajiquan eventually earn it's nickname as the "Bodyguard Style"[2]. In 1924 (Following Pu Yi's expulsion from the forbidden city?) he returned to Tianjin and taught there.

Soon after, in 1926, after regrouping with Li, Huo developed his understanding of kungfu to a greater degree, leading to his formulation of Ying Shou Quan 应手拳, a form that is now a staple in Huo Family Baji.

Following a number of problems with the Japanese in 1927, Huo moved to to Chang Chun in 1932, and began teaching there. Soon after, Zhou Xinwu 周馨武, a Choujiao master and a senior from his official posts, arrived and together with his son Huo Qingyun the three of them continued develop and share Huo Family Bajiquan. [3]

When Huo DianGe was a teenager, the local martial arts prevailed, and Huo loved martial arts since he was a child, and he used to learn Piao Saquan with a boxer surnamed Li. At the age of 17, he followed Li ShuWen as his teacher and learned to practice Bajiquan and Liuhe Daqiang. He is devoted to studying art, forgetting to sleep and eat, and his quality is pure, which is very popular with his teacher. After twelve years of hard training, his skills have matured. Li Shuwen began to take him through the rivers and lakes, accumulating experience in actual battles and making his skills more exquisite. At first, the masters and apprentices were active in Tianjin, and they taught apprentices on Tianjin Jianguo Road and Central Park. Later, Xu Lanzhou, the commander of the First Division of the Heilongjiang Garrison, was hired as a martial arts instructor at the Military Academy. Huo Diange met the Director of Academic Affairs Liu Wobai. , The two voted for the contract, and they became Jinlan. Liu gave him a handwritten banner: "Dapeng flies, the heroes, the world is chaotic, when will it end, good man, don't rest." Since then, Huo Diange has been with the army to teach in Harbin, Changchun, Shenyang and other places. Baji martial arts. During this period of time, although Huo Diange repeatedly fought against others, he always won without hurting others, and he was able to help the poor and help the poor. As a chivalrous man, he was a heroic man and soon became famous in the Northeast.


     In 1924, after Fengjun entered the Pass, Huo Diange came to Tianjin with Xu Lanzhou, and brought his nephew Huo Qingyun to Xu Lanzhou, Li Jing lin (supervisor of Zhili) and other places to pass on merits and art. In 1926 at the Xulanzhou Mansion, Huo Diange chose the essence of the skills that Li Shuwen used to fight against in his life in martial arts career, combined with his own practice and experience, organized and compiled the "Ying Shou Quan" with high practical value, and spread it to his disciples. . Soon, Huo Diange became famous for his superb martial arts and noble martial ethics.


     In 1927, Pu Yi, who lived in Zhangyuan (now Anshan Road, Tianjin Youth Daily Office) in the Japanese concession in Tianjin, had a grudge against two Japanese warriors who protected him, and wanted to emulate his ancestors as a "Kung Fu Emperor", so he proposed Of course the Japanese were unwilling to hire a Chinese martial artist, but at that time it was hard to say so, so they had to ask for a contest to recruit. Introduced by Xu Lanzhou and Shang Yanying (Hanlin in the late Qing Dynasty), Huo Diange and Huo Qingyun went to take the test. Huo Diange easily defeated the Japanese samurai Kudo with only two-finger martial arts, and Huo Qingyun used a tiger drill to lift the Japanese samurai exit Iwata. Pu Yi was overjoyed and said: "Chinese martial arts are still great!" Then he hired Huo Diange as his martial arts teacher and Huo Qingyun as the imperial guard.


     In 1932, Pu Yi came to Changchun (called Xinjing at the time) and became the puppet emperor of the Puppet Manchukuo, and Huo Diange went to the palace as a major general and military attache. And with the Huo family disciples as the backbone to form a "guard army" to protect Puyi's safety. Huo Diange not only taught Pu Yi, Pu Jian, and the Queen to practice martial arts in the pseudo-imperial palace, but also taught apprentices outside the palace. Huo Qingyun, as the imperial guard, leads the Huo family disciples in the guards. Because of the busy affairs in the Huo Diange palace at that time and the special situation of his identity, Huo Qingyun assumed the heavy responsibility of teaching the Huo family disciples. This was also an unwritten rule in the martial arts world.


     Two years later, Zhou Xinwu (the righteous brother of Huo Diange), the famous "iron arm", also came to Changchun, went to Huo Diange, and accepted his disciples at Sanmalu. Huo Diange sent Huo Qingyun to assist Zhou Xinwu to teach Bajiquan. In this way, Sanmalu became another dissemination station of Huo’s Bajiquan. From then on, Huo Qingyun traveled to and from the imperial palace and Sanmalu’s "hand-style rooms", training a large number of key disciples.


      On June 27, 1937, some of the Huo family disciples from the guards went to Datong Park (now Children's Park) to play. They had a dispute with the Japanese army on a cruise ship. The guards could not bear the insults of the Japanese army and resisted in indignation. Both sides assembled their own teams. The two armies fought extremely fiercely. The guards injured a Japanese Kwantung Army colonel and dozens of Japanese military policemen, kicked a Japanese army dog ​​to death, and dampened the prestige of the Japanese Kwantung Army. After the incident, the society was in an uproar. The "Xinjing Daily" reported on the "Datong Park Incident", and newspapers in major cities such as Shanghai successively published it, all with rapport. The Japanese Kwantung Army, who had long regarded Huo’s disciples as the main guard, was a thorny and stabbed Japanese Kwantung Army. He was extremely annoyed. He arrested and killed Huomen disciples and reorganized the guards. Huo Qingyun was forced to go to the Fengtian (now Shenyang) Forbidden City on the charge of anti-Japanese. Take refuge. Huo Diange himself was squeezed out of the palace and died of illness at the age of 57 in the early autumn of 1942.


Although the Huo Diange people passed away, he recruited many disciples throughout his life, carefully taught art, and countless disciples. Bajiquan with the characteristics of the Huo family style has been widely spread throughout the world. His noble morality and moving, he is not afraid of rape, heroism and justice. The story will always remain in the world. In the 1980s, the novel "Legend of the Emperor's Martial Master" was published and released, and then the 30-episode TV series "Legend of Kant's First Bodyguard" shot by Changchun TV was broadcast. These are all about Huo Diange's life.


After the death of Huo Diange, the burden of Huo’s Octopus Boxing naturally fell on the frequency of hydroxy stir-fried; hydroxy stir-fried fatigue? span lang=en-us>1905-1987) character Jingxing, originally named Huo Qingyun, was killed in 1928 Pu Yi changed her name to Huo Qingyun, and is Huo Diange's nephew. He loved martial arts since he was a child, and he practiced hard. He only practiced small frames and squatted for three years. The basic skills are very solid and the nature is simple.


Huo Qingyun lost his mother as a teenager, and Huo Diange had a daughter and no children at the time, so Ji Qingyun was taken as a son and brought him with him. Since then, I love him even more, and needless to say that he is careful. When he came to Tianjin with his uncle in 1921, he came into contact with many martial arts celebrities when he was a boy. He saw them study and learn martial arts. Li Jinglin, the supervisor of Zhili at that time, loved Huo Qingyun deeply, and obtained Huo Diange's consent to accept Qingyun as a disciple of the facade, and nicknamed him "Huo Hei". In the future, whenever martial arts masters visit, Li let Huo Hei do it. By the age of 18, Huo Qingyun He defeated a few famous boxers ("Cangzhou Wushu History" has been published), and he has become famous at a young age. When he defeated the Japanese samurai, he became Puyi’s imperial guard, and martial arts were more frequent. He had repeatedly competed with the wrestlers of the Mongolian prince and the Japanese samurai. Because of his superb skills and profound knowledge, no matter what kind of martial arts the opponent proposed. , Always secure the winning ticket. Pu Yi said very proudly: "Chinese martial arts are still powerful."


After Huo Qingyun came to Changchun with Puyi, he took on the important task of teaching the Huo family disciples' martial arts, and was later sent by Huo Diange to help Zhou Xinwu and teach Bajiquan. The juniors have deep affection with him, and they affectionately call him " Brother Black".


At the end of 1942, the Huo family disciple Yang Bin founded a practice room in the Changchun East Railway Station Charity Hall, and invited Huo Qingyun to give counseling. On the one hand, the disciples were widely recruited to teach the Baji skills, and at the same time, it created conditions for the Huo family disciples to study martial arts. In 1946 after Liberation, Qu Yixin (an apprentice of Huo Diange and the president of Gongzhuling Court at the time) founded the "Gongzhuling Guoshu Museum" and invited Huo Qingyun as the head coach. The coaches also included Gao Lihe and Zhang Yaoquan, and trained nearly 100 students. . In 1950, the Changchun Wushu Research Association was initiated by Zhao Bingnan. Huo Qingyun was the chairman and Zhao Bingnan was the vice chairman, which promoted the popularization and improvement of Bajiquan in Jilin Province. Huo Qingyun traveled to and from Changchun, Shenyang, Harbin, Dalian and other places, teaching hundreds of students. Huo Qingyun died of illness on October 27, 1987 at the age of 82.


When Huo Diange arrived in Changchun, Huo’s Bajiquan had basically finalized its training content, steps, styles, and characteristics. Its spread has spread throughout the three provinces of Northeast China. Later, through the efforts of Huo Qingyun and his disciples, it became the center of Changchun. , All over the three northeastern provinces, Tianjin, Hebei and overseas. Therefore, the martial arts community calls Northeast Bajiquan Huo Shi Bajiquan.


To commemorate Huo Diange, Huo Qingyun, and 194 disciples and family members of the Huo family in 1994, voluntary donations were made to build a monument to the two ancestors. On June 2nd, a monument unveiling ceremony was held in Xiaoji, Nanpi County, Hebei's hometown of Huo family. More than 1,000 people from county party committee and county government leaders, martial arts organizations, Huo family, disciples and villagers participated in the ceremony. Bajiquan clubs and Bajiquan post-schoolers in Japan, Canada, Gongzhuling, Changchun, Shenyang, Xuzhou, Tianjin and other places presented wreaths and bans. "Cangzhou Daily", Cangzhou TV and other news organizations made detailed reports on this. The original intention of this move is to cherish the memory of the shining achievements of Huo's ancestors, to encourage future generations to inherit and carry forward the fine traditions of the older generations, to promote the Baji skills, and to inspire the national spirit.

Legacy

Huo Family Baji

Huo modified Baji's Liu Da Kaiby adding an additional two techniques: Chao Yang Shou (朝阳手 Sun Facing Hands) and Ba Wang Zhe Jiang (霸王折缰 King takes weight) this later became known as Ba Da Kai to lineages thereafter.[3]Cangzhou small rural southeast collection, the famous boxer Bajiquan "Gunslinger" Li Shuwen pioneer disciple, who has the last Qing emperor Pu Yi's martial arts teacher and escort, 1932, nephew Huo Qingyun, who brought with Pu Yi to the northeast, in the northeast of the octupole There are many fist passers-by.

Huo Diange’s hometown of Cangxian Xiaoji has a surname of Zhang, who is the same as Zhang Zhiwan and Zhang Zhidong of Nanpi Zhuangyuan Mansion. The Zhang family asked a martial artist to teach his son to practice martial arts to strengthen his body, and Songcun’s "copy white tiger" Li Wuye to teach floating boxing. Li Wuye is light and fast, so when he was practicing martial arts, he asked his apprentice to use a broomstick at him, and Li Wuye jumped onto the small room as soon as the broom hit him.

Young Huo Diange.jpg

The 14-year-old Huo Diange and a few friends accompany the children of the Zhang family to practice martial arts. They learned Erlangquan, Thirty-Sixquan, Shilang Kuanquan, and slalom. They also have a certain foundation in light skills. Li Wuye has been teaching for two years and recommended the "Magic Gun" Li Shuwen to the Zhang family, and "Magic Gun" Li Shuwen was hired to teach boxing at Xiaoji. The 16-year-old Huo Diange followed the skills of Li Xi Bajiquan, Liuhe Daqiang and other skills such as the "Magic Gun". Huo Diange's talent and Yinghui practiced hard again, and after a period of practice, she stood out among many small partners, and was favored by the "great gun" Li Shuwen and accepted as a disciple. Huo Diange respects the master as a father, and has worked hard for 12 years. "Sharp Spear" Li Shuwen lived in Huo's home as soon as he returned from the army, and the anecdote of "Sharp Spear" Li eating chicken but not spitting bones came out from this time.

Huo Diange, as Puyi's martial arts teacher, can be said to be a big fan. There was a martial artist who came to visit on horseback with a loud tone, and Huo didn't want to do anything with him, so as not to hurt his harmony. In order to convince him, Huo Diange showed his skill. Huo Diange asked him to pull him, the martial master hit several whips, the steed dragged hard, Huo Wen did not move, the martial master was impressed. There is a certain Tianjin master who has advanced skills and is older than Huo. They exchanged skills together, showing contempt. Huo took the hand and changed his palm and sat on the ground. A well-known family was not convinced by Huo, and once used Huo to practice a small frame, and attacked from behind, in order to humiliate Huo, Huo turned around and slapped him to the ground, knocking him out of Tianjin. A famous Tianjin wrestling teacher visited Huo Jie and stretched out his hand to catch Huo. Huo used King Kong fingers to grab his arm with both hands. The famous wrestling teacher was so painful that he squatted on the ground and worshiped.

General Li Jinglin was appointed as the deputy curator of Nanjing Guoshu Museum, and he tried his best to invite Huo to be the head of Shaolin Gate. Huo was not willing to hire him because he was a Puyi martial arts teacher.

Puyi went to the northeast to be the puppet emperor of Japan, and Huo Diange, Sun Guilin, Huo Qingyun, Gao Xiangting, Liu Ziming, Bian Tingbin, Liu Jinshan, Li Zikun and others followed to Changchun. In order to firmly control Puyi, the Japanese also wanted to defeat the samurai around Puyi. Many masters of kendo, karate, and judo have been sent to compete in the imperial palace. There were three karate masters, and Huo Diange was not allowed to hit, and Huo Diange agreed. During the competition, Huo Diange was like an eagle and a leopard. The Japanese karate masters could hardly hit him every time they attacked. In the end, Huo Diange stretched his finger and pressed his opponent and fell profusely, sweating profusely. The Japanese entered the imperial palace, ignoring the existence of Puyi, and drove the car to the Puyi office building. Huo Diange wanted to fight for "face" for the emperor. Once a Japanese drove in, Huo Diange refused to let in. The Japanese driver forced to enter. Huo Diange raised the rear of the car with his right hand. The rear wheel of the car was hanging up and it was difficult to move forward. Huo Diange argued for Pu Yi." face".

Huo Diange and Unknown.jpg

Huo Diange encouraged his disciples to fight Japanese soldiers and vent their anger to Pu Yi. In June 1937, the "Datong Park Incident" Huo Diange's guardian disciples fought with Japanese soldiers, kicked Japanese wolfdogs to death and wounded more than 10 Japanese soldiers. The Japanese took the opportunity to force Pu Yi to drive away Huo Diange's guard disciples, and remove the guard's big blade and spear. Huo Diange was also dealt with and was politically frustrated. Return to Sohu to see more.

"Bodyguard Style"

The combination of Huo's time as bodyguard for Pu Yi, Li Chen Wu's time serving General Mao and Liu Yun Qiao's time under Chiang Kai Shek resulted in Bajiquan earning it's epithet as the "Bodyguard Style".

Notable Students

The three most notable for helping the spread of Huo Baji across North Eastern China (Changchun, Shenyang, Dalian and Harbin) are Huo Qingyun (Son), Chu Yixin and Zhao Bingknan.

Xu Yusheng 许禹声 who began learning under Huo in 1926 became an expert and helped to establish schools in North China alongside his colleagues Zhao YuTing and Sun YuLong.

Other noteable students include: Huo Qingfeng, Huo Qingshan, Jiang Cangyong, Song Bishan, Yang Bin, Li Baoshan, Liang Zhenqi, Luo Junshan, Mao Hongen, Zhou Zonggui, Lei Zhanfeng, Qi De Chao and Miao Yuchun.

Lineage

Piao Sa

???

Bajiquan

Wu Zhong > Wu Ying > Zhang KeMing > Huang SiHai > Li ShuWen > Huo Dian Ge

References

Books

八极拳教程 by 李树栋 (ISBN: 978-7-5009-3526-1)

  1. Baji Quanshu Tushuo (A Pictorial Explanation of Baji Techniques) Liu Yu Qiao (Cited here)
  2. Beijing Tourism - Bajiquan
  3. 3.0 3.1 Taiping Institute - Baji Quan
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